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Osteoporosis disease

What is Osteoporosis?

The word osteoporosis means porous bones. It is a disease characterized by a thinning and weakening of the bones. 

Osteoporosis affects many more women than men and is a particularly distressing problem for older people. 

This condition causes bone to become fragile and results in fractures. It can lead to back pain, humped shoulders, difficulty walking and shrinking in height.  Wrist, spine and hip fractures are the most common fractures associated with osteoporosis.  Fractures related to osteoporosis are a serious problem that can lead to disability or even death.

Risk Factors of Osteoporosis

  • having a slender body and small bones
  • consuming a low calcium diet
  • having low physical activity
  • having menopause before age 45 and having your ovaries removed
  • being female
  • being deficient in Vitamin D
  • being a cigarette smoker
  • consuming too much caffeine or alcohol
  • having a family history of osteoporosis
  • excessive use of some medications (eg cortisone, prednisone, anticonvulsants)
  • having previous fractures

How Can I Reduce My Risk?

Include calcium in your diet. Individuals over the age of 50 need 1000 to 1500 mg of calcium each day. As you age, your body doesn't absorb calcium as well, so it's very important to have calcium-rich foods in your diet. If you don't get enough calcium-rich foods in your diet, you may require a calcium supplement.

Good sources of calcium are dairy foods such as milk, yogurt and cheese.  Calcium is also found in fortified breakfast cereals, fortified soy products, canned fish with bones, nuts, dried figs, dried apricots and dark green leafy vegetables.

Get enough Vitamin D. Calcium will be more easily absorbed by the body when there is Vitamin D present in the body. To get enough Vitamin D, you need to spend some time in the sun so that your body can absorb the Vitamin D it needs to absorb Calcium. It may be a good idea to get a Vitamin D test done, to determine if you are deficient in this Vitamin. If this test shows that you are indeed deficient, your physician may prescribe a Vitamin D supplement. Vitamin D deficiency needs to be speedily checked as this is an important Vitamin which builds immunity and helps in the absorption of many other important minerals.

Be active each day. Regular physical activity helps to strengthen your bones and make you feel better and stronger! Good nutrition is only halfway to good health, being active and regularly exercising is the other, equally important other part. Both of these go hand in hand to help you achieve good health.

Osteoporosis is a silent killer, it strikes mostly females and the ageing population. As with any other disease, prevention is better than cure. So be aware, and ensure that your diet is nutrient rich and also exercise regularly to keep your bones and muscles healthy and happy even as you get older.